Project Background for Clean Cars 4 All
Clean Cars 4 All and the Enhanced Fleet Modernization Program are programs that are designed to provide reliable and accessible modes of transportation to disadvantaged communities. These programs were designed to be equitable and with consumer protections at the forefront with a focus on targeted outreach to disadvantaged communities. Both programs focus on the adoption of advanced technology vehicles which include Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs), Conventional Hybrid vehicles (Hybrid), Fuel Cell Vehicles, and Plug-in Hybrids (PHEVS). CC4A provides additional support for eligible vehicles through the funding of charge cards or Electric Vehicle Service Equipment (EVSE) such as at-home chargers.
Since the programs’ inception in 2015, over $190 Million has been invested and over 12,800 clean vehicles have been funded with over 48 percent of funding benefitting disadvantaged communities. Implementing air districts have reported that these programs have been extremely popular and tend to be oversubscribed.
Both programs work in sync to provide income-qualified participants vouchers that assist in the buy down towards the lease or purchase of a new or used advanced technology vehicle. Participants are also provided consumer protections that can include but are not limited to leveraging financial counseling, access to consumer advocacy groups to provide financial counseling, and protections from being charged for this service. In addition to assistance in vehicle buy-downs, through the funding of charge cards or Electric Vehicle Service Equipment (EVSE) such as at-home chargers.
Guiding Legislation/Policy Drivers
The Enhanced Fleet Modernization Program (EFMP) was established with the passage of Assembly Bill (AB) 118 (Nuñez, Chapter 750, Statutes of 2007). AB 118 created the Air Quality Improvement Program (AQIP) where a variety of clean transportation programs are funded including EFMP.
Clean Cars 4 All was officially codified with the passage of AB 630 (Cooper, Chapter 636, Statutes of 2017). This bill requires that CARB sets specific and measurable goals and focus the program where the greatest air quality impact can be identified.
Senate Bill (SB) 1382 (Gonzalez, Chapter 375, Statutes of 2022) was passed in 2022 and directs CARB to conduct an assessment that identifies underserved populations and barriers to participation and to propose strategies to overcome those barriers.
Consistent with Executive Order N-79-20 issued by Governor Newsom in January 2021, CC4A and a variety of other light-duty vehicle purchase incentive programs will continue to support priority populations and communities that are most in need through the process of alignment with the first efforts beginning with the joint solicitation CC4A and the Clean Vehicle Assistance Program (CVAP). This step towards alignment is supported by stakeholders who have cited that a long and lengthy application process made access to these programs challenging. Continued alignment as well as coordination with Access Clean California will continue to ensure that communities will have equitable and accessible forms of transportation.
Funding Allocations History
South Coast AQMD
San Joaquin Valley APCD
Bay Area AQMD
Sacramento Metropolitan AQMD
San Diego APCD
Income Eligibility - To concentrate benefits on those who need it the most, the income eligibility is limited to participants with household incomes at or below 300 percent of the federal poverty level.
Incentive Amounts – In response to market conditions as well as stakeholder and community feedback, incentive amounts have increased.
8 Years Old or Newer Hybrid Electric Vehicle 35+ MPG (Combined
8 Years Old or Newer PHEV
8 Years Old or Newer
(Plus, up to $2,000 for EVSE or pre-loaded charge card)
Less than or equal to 300% Federal Poverty Level in Disadvantaged Communities
(Plus, up to $2,000 for EVSE or pre-loaded charge card)
Removal of conventional hybrids from Clean Cars 4 All eligibility by November 2024 – As directed by the Legislature in the Budget Act of 2022, conventional hybrids are to be removed as an eligible vehicle type by November 2024.
Workgroups and Meetings
Links coming soon
Final Approval / OAL Action
The Office of Administrative Law (OAL) has approved CARB's proposed guidelines for Clean Cars 4 All and amendments to the EFMP Guidelines. The rulemaking is effective June 7, 2019.
Posted June 7, 2019
- Endorsed Form 400
- Addendum to the Final Statement of Reasons
- Final Regulation Order
- Request for Early Effective Date
- SB 1382 (Gonzalez 2022), Air pollution: Clean Cars 4 All Program: Sales and Use Tax Law: zero emissions vehicle exemption
- SB 1230 (Limón 2022), Zero-emission and near-zero-emission vehicle incentive programs: requirements
- AB 630 (Cooper 2017), Vehicles: retirement and replacement
- AB 1550 (Gomez 2016), Chapter 369, Statutes of 2016, Greenhouse Gases: investment plan: disadvantaged communities
- SB 1275 (De León 2014), Chapter 530, Statutes of 2014: Vehicle retirement and replacement: Charge Ahead California Initiative
- SB 535 (De León 2012), California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006: Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund (GGRF)
- AB 118 (Nuñez 2007), Chapter 750, Statutes of 2007: Alternative fuels and vehicle technologies: funding programs
- AB 32 (Nuñez 2006), Chapter 488, Statutes of 2006: California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006
Past Project Info/Reports
View EFMP Scrap-and-Replace and CC4A Summary Reports which provide summaries of program information by implementing air district, scrapped and replacement vehicle characteristics, and participants' income level and disadvantaged community characteristics.