The 2017-2018 Annual Research Plan was approved by the Board at the April 27, 2017 Meeting. To develop CARB’s Annual Research Plan, staff identify research priorities by collecting input internally and from other agencies to identify research needs that will support key ARB programs, and soliciting the general public for research ideas (previously called research concepts). Research ideas are then developed into the Annual Research Plan and into scopes of work that become part of a solicitation for proposals. Once the Board approves the conceptual project descriptions outlined in the Annual Research Plan, staff pursue proposals (and ultimately contracts) to perform research that is not conducted in-house. CARB’s proposal solicitations usually target the University of California (UC) and California State University (CSU) systems (per the Health and Safety Code), but occasionally CARB issues a public request for proposals (RFP). CARB’s Research Screening Committee (RSC) reviews full proposals before they are presented to the Board for formal approval and funding. Proposals that are approved by the Board are developed into contracts that designate a scope of work, milestones, a budget, and a project start and end date. Most projects are required to submit a Final Report that must be reviewed by the RSC and presented to the Board for approval. Once the Final Report has been approved by the Board, the contract is final and the report is made available to the public.