LCTI: Zero Emissions for California Ports (ZECAP)
Advanced Technology Demonstration and Pilot Projects
Gas Technology Institute (GTI)
Spring 2019 – Fall 2022
Yard trucks are the single largest source of emissions in all classifications of cargo handling equipment, but are difficult to convert to zero-emissions due to the unique duty cycle and operating environment. The project is intended to demonstrate to port terminal operators that fuel cell powered, zero-emissions yard trucks are a safe, reliable, and operationally preferable solution to meet the port’s clean air action plan.
The objective of this project is to validate the commercial viability of zero-emissions hybrid fuel cell-electric yard trucks operating in a demanding, real-world cargo-handling application at the Port of Los Angeles. GTI and its technology partners, will deploy two hybrid fuel cell – electric yard trucks at the Port of Los Angeles, operated by TraPac for 12 months.
The project has been designed to minimize schedule and technology risks, while maximizing the amount of time the trucks will be in service and the amount of operating data they will generate. This is accomplished by leveraging existing fleet relationships, existing vehicle platforms, and an exceptional, results-focused team of partners.
Capacity of Texas, BAE Systems, Ballard Power Systems, ZEN Clean Energy Solutions, Hydrogen Technology and Energy Corporation, Frontier Energy and TraPac.
Two Capacity Trailer Jockey Series TJ9000 gliders configured with:
- BAE Systems HDS200 powertrain. This system is capable of a peak propulsion power of 200kW (270 hp) and peak torque of 5200 Nm (3800 ft-lbs). During deceleration, the system will employ regenerative braking and capture energy in the battery pack for later use.
- Ballard Power Systems FCveloCity®-HD85 proton exchange membrane fuel cell providing up to 85kW of zero emissions electrical power.
- 9.1 kg of onboard hydrogen storage at 350bar and 85kWh NMC batteries at 600V
- HTEC’s stationarily-placed mobile tube-trailer hydrogen fueling system. The fueling station will store up to 182kg of hydrogen at 450bar and will provide 2kg/min fill without pre-cooling of the hydrogen. The station will be refilled via tanker delivery.
- Existing relationships between partners are key to success.
- Yard trucks have extremely constrained packaging space.
- Permitting of hydrogen infrastructure is very challenging.
- Both vehicles and hydrogen fueling system have been tested and delivered to TraPac.
- Fueling equipment has been commissioned and approved for operation in January 2022.
- Vehicles have been in service since March 2022.
- Data collection is ongoing.