LCTI: Car Sharing and Mobility Hubs in Affordable Housing Sites Pilot Project
Clean Mobility Options Legacy Pilot Project
Metropolitan Transportation Commission & TransForm | Car Sharing and Mobility Hubs in Affordable Housing Sites Pilot Project
March 2018 – March 2025
The Metropolitan Transportation Commission (MTC), in partnership with TransForm will design and implement three mobility hubs at affordable housing developments in Richmond, Oakland, and San Jose. The mobility hubs will include an electric vehicle carsharing program and a mix of additional mobility options based on residents’ needs, such as transit passes and bike sharing. The project team completed a comprehensive transportation needs assessment process in 2020 consisting of surveys, focus groups, and interviews to ensure that the program addresses the unique needs of residents, and continues to adapt in light of community challenges with COVID-19.
- Collected a total of 583 survey responses from all three project sites for the Community Transportation Needs Assessment conducted in 2020.
- All in-person and virtual meetings held (16 to date) included interpretation and childcare services.
- Resident site coordinators hired for carshare and mobility program implementation, outreach, and engagement.
- Conducting a needs assessment is an important first step for ensuring that planned transportation investments reflect the needs and interests of the community they are intended to serve.
- Site Coordinators, on-site staff members who are knowledgeable of and familiar with each community, were vital to the success of the needs assessment process and continue to be vital during program implementation efforts.
- Disadvantaged communities have experienced long-term underinvestment and are more likely to require higher infrastructure costs. Local city staffing is also more likely to be stretched, so longer timelines and increased budget is needed.
Grant Amount: $3,015,000
Resource Contributions: $755,000
Project Total: $3,770,000
By the Numbers
Services, Vehicles & Equipment Funded
- 5 New light-duty ZEV Envoy carshare vehicles
- 3 KIGT electric vehicle chargers
- 1 Duogard bike cage
- 1 TransitScreen real-time display
- 16 In-person and virtual community meetings
- 2 Community surveys (community transportation needs assessment and COVID-19 travel behavior survey)
- 3 In-person and virtual bicycle workshops
Estimated Quantifiable Benefits
- GHG emission reductions: 54 MTCO2e
- NOx reductions: 17 lbs
- PM2.5 reductions: 5 lbs
- ROG reductions: 4 lbs
- Passenger VMT reductions: 101,893 miles
- Travel cost savings: $1,440,956
- Fossil fuel-based transportation fuel use reductions: 4,640 gallons
- Direct Jobs: 3
- Indirect Jobs: 2
- Induced Jobs: 6
The Project will provide access and mobility options to low-income people of color that reside in affordable homes located in Richmond, Oakland, and San Jose. Residents of affordable units are already income-qualified and will be automatically eligible to participate. The Project will also reach out to residents in the surrounding neighborhood to enroll them in the car share program, allowing greater participation. The Project will therefore benefit more than 18,600 residents in disadvantaged communities that reside in three census tracts where the affordable housing sites are located (also the home base for carshare vehicles). The program design will also minimize barriers to clean mobility options by considering various enrollment strategies for unbanked and non-English speaking residents.
Demographics of Community Served by Project
Richmond: 44% Hispanic or Latino, 18% White, 18% Black or African American, 15% Asian, and 5% Other
Median Household Income: $60,793
Oakland: 29% White, 27% Hispanic or Latino, 23% Black or African American, 16% Asian, and 5% Other
Median Household Income: $36,818
San Jose: 37% Asian, 31% Hispanic or Latino, 25% White, 3% Black or African American, and 4% Other
Median Household Income: $23,500
- Reducing GHG and criteria pollutants from the combination of reduced vehicle trips and use of EVs rather than internal combustion engine vehicles.
- Reducing private vehicle ownership and vehicle miles traveled (VMT) in the communities and reducing the transportation costs for residents.
- Increasing access for low-income residents to economic opportunity, medical facilities, schools, parks, grocery stores and other daily needs.
- Gathering credible data on vehicle ownership. This will help inform cities and developers on right-sized parking for affordable housing developments that include a suite of shared mobility options.
- Creating a sustainable and viable mobility program for affordable homes that is similar in scope and impact to the most innovative TDM programs integrated into some market-rate developments.
Outreach & Engagement Strategies
- Project webpage
- Paper and online surveys
- Focus groups
- Door-to-door flyer placement
- Site level newsletters
- Translated materials (Spanish, Arabic, Chinese)
- Community meetings
- Community workshops
- Simultaneous language interpretation with headsets
- Hiring resident site coordinators
- Participation incentives
- Low-income residents
- Disadvantaged communities
- Non-English speakers
- People of color
- Residents of affordable homes
- Residents without access to a vehicle
The Metropolitan Transportation Commission (MTC) provides planning, funding, coordination and technical assistance to cities, counties, transit agencies and other partners to bring the region together — to make life better for residents and make the Bay Area’s transportation system more resilient to future challenges. Originally created to plan for the Bay Area’s expanding transportation network, MTC has evolved to take on additional responsibilities and to ensure transportation investments work closely with housing and development. For the Pilot Project, MTC coordinates all activities for the agency including, project oversight, ongoing communication and coordination with CARB, reporting and compliance, coordination between CARB and TransForm, sub-consultant contract management and invoicing, among other duties.
TransForm promotes walkable communities with excellent transportation choices to connect people of all incomes to opportunity, make California affordable, and help solve our climate crisis. With diverse partners we engage communities in planning, run innovative programs and win policy change at the local, regional, and state levels. For the Pilot Project, TransForm is leading the project implementation effort, including program design, outreach and education, and project administration with our project partners.
- Shared-Use Mobility Center
- First Community Housing
- East Bay Asian Local Development Cooperation
- Richmond Community Foundation (RCF) Connects
- Community Transportation Needs Assessment Process, Results, and Lessons Learned (prepared by TransForm)