To date, California’s Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) program, including the ZEV regulation and complimentary state policies and incentives, has resulted in the placement of several hundred thousand ZEVs and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) on California roads and a growing network of EV charging and hydrogen fueling stations. The ZEV program has also influenced ZEV policy around the world. However, if California is to achieve its long-term air quality (criteria pollutant) and climate change (greenhouse gas emissions) goals, ZEVs and PHEVs will have to represent nearly 100 percent of new vehicle sales in California by 2050. To achieve these goals, California’s leadership is collaborating with state, national and international partners to address challenges to ZEV market expansion, including global technology development and cost reduction. There is much to learn from each region’s experience, and these joint efforts will be important in tackling the remaining hurdles to ZEV growth in California and beyond. California’s collaborative efforts are described below.
California ZEV Action Plan
In March 2012, Governor Edmund G. Brown issued Executive Order B-16-12 directing state government to help accelerate the market for zero-emission vehicles in California. This executive order established several milestones on the path toward 1.5 million ZEVs in California by the year 2025. The ZEV Action Plan, first created in 2013, identified those specific strategies and actions that state government will need to take to meet the milestones of the executive order. In 2016 the ZEV Action Plan was updated with an outline of progress to date and new actions state agencies will take in continued pursuit of the milestones.
In January 2018, Governor Brown signed Executive Order B-48-18, setting ambitious targets of 200 hydrogen fueling stations and 250,000 electric vehicle chargers to support 1.5 million zero-emission vehicles ZEVs on California roads by 2025, on the path to 5 million ZEVs by 2030. The initiative is designed to focus multi-stakeholder efforts on deploying charging and fueling infrastructure as well as making ZEVs increasingly affordable to own and operate.
To support and complement the targets in the Executive Order, Governor Brown directed staff to “update the 2016 Zero-Emission Vehicle Action Plan to help expand private investment in zero-emission vehicle infrastructure, particularly in low income and disadvantaged communities.” The 2018 Update document is the result of the Governor’s directive and reflects coordinated efforts of state agencies to realize the Governor’s vision.
The 2016 ZEV Action Plan, published in October 2016, contains over 200 specific action items for state agencies to accelerate ZEV adoption in California, many of which are still in progress and important to retain for long-term ZEV market growth. For that reason, the 2016 Plan will remain in effect. The 2018 Priorities Update simply serves as an addendum, highlighting the most important actions state agencies are taking in 2018 to implement the new directives in the Executive Order. All of the actions in the 2018 update are in progress and some are completed. For more information on a particular action or its status, contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Multi-state ZEV MOU
In October 2013, California signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with seven other states to collaborate on strategies for transforming the transportation sector over the next 11 years, with the ultimate goal being to significantly reduce greenhouse gas and smog‑causing emissions. Since then, interested stakeholders, including state regulators, the auto industry, infrastructure developers, and others have shared information and best practices to help move this groundbreaking effort forward.
International ZEV Alliance
The International ZEV Alliance (ZEV Alliance) is a collaboration of national and subnational governments working together to accelerate the adoption of ZEVs around the world. The participants set ambitious, achievable long-term targets for ZEV deployment, take actions to achieve those targets as appropriate in each jurisdiction, and encourage and support other jurisdictions in setting and achieving ambitious ZEV targets.
The ZEV Alliance counts among its membership California and several other U.S. states, all of whom are also members of the Multi-state ZEV MOU Task Force.
Press Release: New Initiative Accelerates Global Transition to ZEVs
Press Release: Global Alliance Accelerates Transition to ZEVs