Transportation is the leading cause of smog-forming pollutants and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in California (California Air Resources Board, 2017). Expanding the number of zero emission vehicles (ZEVs) on California roads can help to reduce statewide emissions. In order to meet California’s climate and air quality goals, 100 percent of light-duty car sales will need to be ZEVs by 2035 and the majority of the light- duty fleet will need to be ZEVs by 2050 (California Air Resources Board, 2019).
In the near term, California’s ZEV infrastructure must support 1.5 million vehicles by 2025 and 5 million vehicles by 2030 (Governor Brown, 2018). By 2025, California has set specific goals to provide 250,000 battery electric vehicle chargers, including 10,000 direct current (DC) fast chargers (Brecht, 2019). Installing adequate infrastructure statewide is essential to assist with charging and refueling ZEVs. Nonresidential building standards that facilitate installation of electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure provides a unique low-cost opportunity to reduce the barriers to clean transportation access in workplace and public locations.