Light-duty Projects in Action

CARB's light-duty vehicle and clean transportation equity investments support the long-term transformation of California's fleet and help us meet our clean air, climate change and equity goals. These opportunities increase clean transportation access to income-qualified residents and residents of disadvantaged and tribal communities.

Clean Vehicle Ownership Incentives

CARB's vehicle purchase incentives help provide affordable solutions for income-qualified residents and those in disadvantaged communities to purchase or lease cleaner, more fuel-efficient cars.

Clean Vehicle Ownership Incentives Clean Cars 4 All (CC4A)

Since Fiscal Year (FY) 2014-15 and through the first quarter of 2022, CARB has allocated $190.6 million for Clean Cars 4 All, including $177 million of Low Carbon Transportation funding, $10 million of Volkswagen settlement funding, and $3.6 million of Air Quality Improvement Program (AQIP) funding. This includes $75 million allocated as part of the FY 21-22 Funding Plan for Clean Transportation Incentives. South Coast Air Quality Management District (AQMD) has received $89 million while San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District (APCD) received $43.6 million. The Bay Area AQMD and Sacramento Metropolitan AQMD have more recently launched Clean Cars 4 All programs and have been allocated $32 million and $11 million respectively. San Diego County APCD was awarded $5 million in FY 21-22 and $10 million is being held as a strategic reserve. As of March 31, 2021, there were 11,406 participants. The participant breakdown is as follows:

  • Replace Your Ride, South Coast AQMD: 6,762 participants
  • Drive Clean in the San Joaquin, San Joaquin Valley APCD: 3,188 participants
  • Bay Area AQMD: 1,293 participants
  • Sacramento Metropolitan AQMD: 163 participants

Clean Cars 4 All participants may receive up to $9,500 toward the purchase of new or used hybrid, plug-in hybrid, or ZEV replacement vehicles. Furthermore, participants can choose an alternative mobility option such as an electric bike, a voucher for public transit, or a combination of clean transportation options allowed under the program in lieu of purchasing a replacement vehicle. In addition, buyers of plug-in hybrid and battery electric vehicles are also eligible for up to $2000 towards home charger incentives or prepaid charge cards if home charger installation is not an option. Of program participants, 89 percent have household incomes that fall into the low-income bracket (≤ 225 percent of the federal poverty level, which for 2021 is $59,650 per year for a household size of four), and 50 percent also reside in disadvantaged communities. The average vehicle retired is about 22 years old with an estimated fuel economy of 21.5 miles per gallon. The average replacement vehicle has a fuel economy of 85 mpg equivalent.

For additional summarized program information visit CARB's CC4A Summary Report webpage:

Clean Vehicle Rebate Project (CVRP) Clean Vehicle Rebate Project (CVRP)

CVRP supports increasing the number of zero emission vehicles (ZEVs) on California's roadways to meet deployment goals and achieve large-scale transformation of the fleet while also providing support to increase ZEV adoption in low-income communities. CVRP provides consumers with vehicle rebates on a first-come, first-served basis for new battery electric (BEV), fuel cell electric (FCEV), plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEV), and zero-emission motorcycles (ZEM). The program is available to California residents that meet income eligibility requirements and California based businesses, fleets, communities, and local governments. Consumers with household incomes less than or equal to 400 percent of the federal poverty level are eligible for an increased rebate amount. Some public fleets may be eligible for increased rebates if facilities are located within the boundaries of a disadvantaged community census tract. For more information and to submit an application, please visit:

An interactive graphical tool that provides access to current rebate data is also available at:

Financing Assistance for Low-Income Consumers Financing Assistance for Low-Income Consumers

Financing assistance provides eligible consumers buy-down and financing opportunities to purchase or lease a new or used clean vehicle, such as a conventional hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), plug-in hybrid (PHEV), or battery electric vehicle (BEV).

Since June 2018, the Beneficial State Foundation (BSF) has administered the statewide Financing Assistance project known as the Clean Vehicle Assistance Program. Since December 2015, the Community Housing Development Corporation (CHDC) has administered the Driving Clean Assistance Program, a regional Financing Assistance pilot project for low-income residents in the Bay Area and Sacramento.

The following program statistics represent data reported for both the statewide and regional programs through October 2019:

The CHDC Driving Clean Assistance Program has:
  • Helped 80 participants into clean vehicles:
    • About 9% BEV
    • About 64% PHEV
    • About 27% HEV
  • Helped provide residents more dependable transportation options and improved access to services.
The BSF Clean Vehicle Assistance Program has:
  • Helped 440 participants purchase a clean vehicle
    • About 41% BEV
    • About 46% PHEV
    • About 13% HEV
A total of $10.9 million allocation was split between the statewide and regional programs in order to expand current projects in Fiscal Year 2019-2020.

Clean Mobility Projects

Complementing the various vehicle purchase incentives, clean mobility projects provide clean transportation choices in disadvantaged, tribal and low-income communities, such as zero-emission carsharing, vanpools, bikesharing, ride-hailing, on-demand shuttles, and microtransit options. These projects are intended to be both flexible and responsive to the diverse transportation needs of residents within priority populations.

Statewide Clean Mobility Projects

Clean mobility Clean Mobility Options Voucher Pilot Program (CMO)

Program Administrator CALSTART, $37,000,000 (CARB Contribution)

Voucher-based funding for low-income, tribal, and disadvantaged communities

  • Ensures mobility projects are responsive to community-identified needs and funds zero-emission shared and on-demand services such as carsharing, ridesharing, bikesharing, and innovative transit services
  • Two voucher types available to eligible public agencies, nonprofit organizations, and tribal governments:
    • Up to $1,000,000 for Mobility Projects Vouchers
    • Up to $50,000 for Community Transportation Needs Assessment Vouchers
  • In 2020, the program’s inaugural year, $21.15 million was awarded to communities for both voucher types.

For more information visit Clean Mobility Options website

STEP Sustainable Transportation Equity Project (STEP) - Statewide

Multiple grantees, $19,500,000 (CARB Contribution)

Funding for low-income, tribal, and disadvantaged communities

  • A new transportation equity pilot that aims to address community residents’ transportation needs, increase access to key destinations, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by funding planning, clean transportation, and supporting projects.
  • Funds include zero-emission carsharing, bikesharing, public transit and shared mobility subsidies, urban forestry, new bike paths, community transportation needs assessments, and active transportation education and outreach events. All projects incorporate significant community engagement during all phases of project planning, development, and implementation.
  • In 2020, CARB awarded 11 grants totaling $19.5 million to community-based organizations and local governments across California
    • Planning and Capacity Building Grants, $1.75 million awarded to 8 grantees
    • Implementation Grants, $17.75 million awarded to 3 grantees

For more information visit STEP Project website

Regional Clean Mobility Projects

Our Community CarShare Pilot - Sacramento

Sacramento Metropolitan AQMD, $5,863,847 (CARB Contribution)

Serves affordable housing communities in the Sacramento region

  • Two-electric vehicles and two chargers are available to residents at each community site
  • Subsidized transportation vouchers available for non-driving residents to use ride-hail services and public transit
  • Eight community housing sites currently have service, with two new sites launching by the end of 2021
  • Residents reserve vehicles for up to 3-hours for free or reduced cost to run errands, get to appointments, and take local trips

Lessons learned and project highlights

Mobility Hubs at Affordable Housing Mobility Hubs at Affordable Housing Pilot - Bay Area

Metropolitan Transportation Commission, $2,250,000 (CARB Contribution)

Affordable Housing Developments in Richmond, Oakland, and San Jose

  • Carshare and mobility hub services are in the design phase of development and focused on better understanding residents’ clean transportation and mobility needs, travel behavior, and related concerns in their communities.
  • Community transportation needs assessments were completed at each housing development in the summer of 2019 to ensure the selected mobility mix addresses the unique needs of residents. The project team produced a Community Transportation Needs Assessment Report to document the needs assessment process in detail, summarize key findings, and share lessons learned.
  • A COVID-19 travel behavior assessment was conducted in early 2021 to gather community data on how the pandemic and economic downturn may have shifted transportation needs to allow for carshare and mobility investments to better serve residents.
  • Carshare and supporting services are anticipated to launch in 2021 and will provide community mobility hubs with tailored clean transportation and mobility options such as electric vehicle carsharing, bikesharing, e-scooter sharing, and free transit passes based on needs assessment findings.

Lessons learned and project highlights

Lift Line Paratransit Lift Line Paratransit Dial-a-Ride Program - Watsonville

Community Bridges, $515,819 (CARB Contribution)

Serves the disadvantaged community of Watsonville, California in Santa Cruz County

  • First all-electric paratransit vehicles in Santa Cruz County
  • Replaced three existing gas-powered shuttles with two 16-seat and one 14-seat electric shuttles equipped with wheelchair lifts and installed two public-accessible level 2 charging stations
  • Offers free rides to low-income elderly and disabled passengers in need of door-to-door transportation to medical appointments, meal sites, etc.
Lessons learned and project highlights

Ecosystem of Shared Mobility Ecosystem of Shared Mobility Pilot - San Joaquin

San Joaquin Valley APCD, $3,119,000 (CARB Contribution)

Serves disadvantaged communities throughout San Joaquin Valley

Pilot includes 3 components:
  • Miocar is an affordable all electric carsharing service serving 8 affordable housing complexes in rural Tulare and Kern counties, with 27 electric vehicles
  • The VAMOS Mobility as a Service (Maas) app which is a transportation-planning app that maximizes trip efficiency across the San Joaquin Valley and includes electric carsharing reservations (MioCar), EV ride-hailing (VOGO), bike routes, bus routes, and the option to pay transit fares
  • VOGO (Volunteer Ride-hailing) – Volunteers on the Go (VOGO) is a ride-hailing service offering free rides to underserved members of the community that cannot drive themselves or because other transit options are not available in the rural disadvantaged community census tracts

Lessons learned and project highlights

BlueLA Carsharing Pilot - Los Angeles BlueLA Carsharing Pilot - Los Angeles

City of Los Angeles, $4,669,343 (CARB Contribution)

Serves the LA communities of Westlake, Koreatown, Pico-Union, Downtown, Echo Park, Boyle Heights, South-Central and Chinatown

  • All-electric carsharing with more than 80 stations, 400 charging points and 300 cars planned
  • Members have access to a network of shared electric vehicles 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, at self-service locations
  • Discounted memberships are available for low-income qualified community members

Lessons learned and project highlights

Completed or Discontinued Clean Mobility Projects

Agricultural Worker Vanpool Agricultural Worker Vanpool Pilot - Statewide

California Vanpool Authority (CalVans), $6,000,000 (CARB Contribution)

Agricultural Workers in low-income and disadvantaged communities statewide

  • Deployed 154 new, 15-passenger hybrid conversion vans that provide clean transportation to agricultural job sites in the San Joaquin Valley and other low-income agricultural areas in California
  • Expanded CalVans San Joaquin Valley fleet by 60 percent (or 77 vans), for a total of 188 vans serving agricultural workers in eight counties
  • The remaining 77 hybrid conversion vans funded serve other low income and disadvantaged agricultural areas in the state, such as the Coachella Valley and Salinas Valley

Lessons learned and project highlights

Valley Air ZEV Mobility Pilot Valley Air ZEV Mobility Pilot – San Joaquin Valley

San Joaquin Valley APCD, $749,800 (CARB Contribution)

Serves disadvantaged communities throughout San Joaquin Valley

  • An affordable all electric carshare and vanpool service for residents of the San Joaquin Valley
  • The pilot includes 9 electric vehicles: 6-Chevy Bolts and 3-Tesla Model X’s, 29-publicly accessible level two chargers and 3-DC fast chargers in disadvantaged communities within Cantua Creek and Delhi
  • The continuation of this pilot was halted due to the COVID-19 pandemic

Lessons learned and project highlights

Clean Mobility in Schools Pilot Projects

The Clean Mobility in Schools Pilot Projects, which are located within disadvantaged communities, intend to encourage and accelerate the deployment of new zero-emission school buses, school fleet vehicles, passenger cars, lawn and garden equipment, and can incorporate alternative modes of transportation like transit vouchers, active transportation elements, and bicycle share programs. Projects will introduce students, teachers, parents, and staff to advanced clean transportation options and have the capability to significantly demonstrate project benefits, including the much-needed education and outreach elements, in and around the school community.

Transformative Clean Mobility A Transformative Clean Mobility Pilot - El Monte

El Monte Union High School District, $9.8 million

Project will be implemented at six high schools and one bus garage.

  • 10 battery electric school buses and charging infrastructure
  • Energy storage, new with existing solar
  • Zero-emission commercial grade landscape and custodial vehicles
  • Battery electric passenger vehicles for car sharing and van pooling for school purposes
  • Workforce training and zero-emission technology curriculum
  • Active transportation plan
  • Robust communication plan

Lessons learned and project highlights

Clean Mobility in Schools Lincoln High School Clean Mobility in Schools Pilot Project - San Diego

San Diego Unified School District, $9.8 million

Project will be implemented at Lincoln High School and 14 nearby elementary and middle schools.

  • 13 battery electric school buses and charging infrastructure
  • Active transportation outreach and assessments
  • Electric Bicycle Pilot Program for senior students, staff and teachers
  • Vouchers for public transit for staff and teachers
  • Energy storage
  • Battery electric passenger vehicles for car sharing and van pooling for school purposes
  • A replicable template for other districts developed by a Technical Advisory Committee

Lessons learned and project highlights

Stockton Schools Getting Stockton Schools to Zero Emissions – Stockton

Stockton Unified School District, $4.9 million

Project proposes a phased approach to make the most significant changes as soon as possible, while creating a master plan detailing the most effective way to achieve a fully zero-emission school district.

  • 4 battery electric school buses and charging infrastructure
  • Zero-emission commercial grade landscape and custodial equipment
  • Develop peer-led educational programs and materials for students, faculty, staff, and community members
  • Carbon emissions analysis of both baseline and future pathways
  • Examination of the costs and benefits of providing charging infrastructure for district staff, as well as vehicle to grid capabilities to support total system resiliency

Lessons learned and project highlights